There are snakes in Montana, but the types of snakes found there are not as diverse as in other regions. Montana is home to ten native species of snakes, most of them harmless, except for the Prairie Rattlesnake, which is the only venomous one.
The Common Gartersnake is one of the most commonly encountered species in Montana, alongside the Plains Gartersnake and the Terrestrial Gartersnake. These non-venomous snakes can be found in a variety of habitats, including wetlands, grasslands, and forests. They are known for their distinctive striped pattern, which varies in color and intensity.
The Gophersnake, also known as the Bullsnake, is another common species found in Montana. These snakes are also non-venomous and are often found in grasslands and sagebrush steppe. They are known for their powerful constricting ability, which they use to subdue prey.
The Northern Rubber Boa is a small, non-venomous snake that is found in forested areas of Montana. These snakes are known for their unique skin, which feels like rubber to the touch. They are also capable of curling up into a ball to protect themselves from predators.
The Prairie Rattlesnake is the only venomous snake found in Montana. These snakes are found in grasslands, sagebrush steppe, and rocky outcrops. They are known for their distinctive rattles, which they use to warn potential predators of their presence.
Other snake species found in Montana include the North American Racer, Plains Hog-nosed Snake, Smooth Greensnake, and Western Milksnake. Most of these snakes are non-venomous and play important ecological roles in controlling rodent populations.