10 Animals Native To Egypt (With Pictures)

Some of the popular animals native to Egypt are camels, crocodiles, and ostriches. But there are many other animals that make their home in this North African country. In this list, we’ll explore 10 animals native to Egypt.

1. The Nile Crocodile 

The Nile crocodile is a large crocodilian that is native to Africa. It is found throughout the Nile River basin in Egypt, as well as in parts of Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania. The Nile crocodile is the largest crocodilian in Africa, with males reaching lengths of up to 14 feet (4.3 meters).

2. The Egyptian Mongoose 

The Egyptian mongoose is a tiny meat-eating mammal that lives in Africa. It is mostly found in shrublands on the Iberian Peninsula. The Egyptian mongoose usually weighs 3.7 to 8.8 pounds (1.7–4 kilograms) and has a body that is up to 2 feet long (60 centimeters). 

3. The Dromedary Camel  

The dromedary camel is a large, even-toed ungulate that is native to the dry deserts of North Africa. It is mostly found in the Sahara Desert. The dromedary camel can go without water for long periods of time and survive on very little food.

4. The Nubian Ibex

The Nubian ibex is a type of wild goat that lives in the mountains of North Africa. It is mostly found in Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Sudan. The Nubian ibex is a large animal, weighing up to 110 pounds (50 kilograms).

5. The Egyptian Weasel

The Egyptian weasel is a small mammal that is endemic to Egypt. It is a member of the mustelid family, which includes animals such as otters, badgers, and wolverines. The Egyptian weasel usually weighs less than 1 pound (60 grams) and has a body that is up to 14 inches long (28 centimeters).

6. The Barbary Sheep 

The Barbary sheep is a goat-like animal that is native to the rocky mountains of North Africa. It is also found in parts of Egypt. The Barbary sheep typically weigh between 66 and 320 pounds (30 and 145 kilograms) and can be 3 feet tall.

7. The Dorcas Gazelle 

The Dorcas gazelle is a small gazelle that is native to North Africa and the Middle East. It is mostly found in multiple environments like grasslands, steppes, wadis, and deserts. It typically weighs between 33 and 44 pounds (15 and 20 kilograms).

8. The Red Fox 

The red fox is a medium-sized fox that is native to Europe, Asia, North America, and North Africa. It can also be found in Egypt. The red fox has a red coat, black legs, and a white belly. It typically weighs between 5 and 31 pounds (2.2 and 14.3 kilograms).

9. The Rock Hyrax 

The rock hyrax is a small mammal that is found in Africa and the Middle East. It is closely related to the elephant. The rock hyrax typically weighs 8.8 pounds (4 kilograms) and has a body that is up to 20 inches long (50 centimeters).

10 .The Rüppell’s Fox 

The Rüppell’s fox is a small fox that lives in the deserts of North Africa. The fox has a sandy brown coat with ticks of white on its body and beige legs. It typically weighs 3.7 pounds (1.7 kilograms).


In this list, we’ve explored 10 animals that are native to Egypt. These animals come from a variety of taxonomic groups and include mammals, reptiles, birds, and even small mammals. If you’re ever in Egypt, be sure to keep an eye out for these amazing creatures!

Nile Crocodile Image by: Leigh BedfordCC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Egyptian Weasel Image by: Joprato, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Rüppell’s Fox Image by: Theklan, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons