Male vs Female Bearded Dragon

Male and female bearded dragons have subtle appearance differences; males have larger heads and bodies with a pronounced hemipenal bulge, while females have a more slender structure. Behavior-wise, males are more aggressive, making females easier to handle for novice owners.

When it comes to choosing a bearded dragon as your reptilian companion, understanding the distinctions between male and female specimens is crucial. These enchanting creatures, known for their unique personalities and captivating charm, exhibit certain characteristic traits that vary between genders.

In this post, we will try to explain some of the differences between male and female bearded dragons, including physical attributes, behavioral patterns, and inherent characteristics. Let’s get started!

Identifying Gender Differences in Bearded Dragons

Distinguishing between male and female bearded dragons is an essential skill for any owner, and it primarily lies in understanding certain physical attributes. These differences can be noted by observing head size, tail end, femoral pores, and hemipenal bulges, which give subtle but reliable indications of a bearded dragon’s sex.

1. Head Size and Body Structure

Males Bearded Dragons tend to have broader, larger heads in comparison to females. Along with this, their bodies are generally bulkier than the females, which can be another indicator.

2. Tail End and Hemipenal Bulges

The tail end is one of the most reliable ways to determine the sex of the dragon. Male dragons typically have a thicker tail base because of hemipenal bulges: these are two noticeable bulges of the male reproductive organs on either side of the base of the tail.

3. Femoral Pores

Femoral pores are another way to determine whether your bearded dragon is male or female. They are tiny, often dark pores found on the dragon’s underside, from the base of the tail down to the hind legs. While both sexes have these pores, they’re much more visible in males as they produce a waxy substance during the breeding season.

Taking note of these physical attributes will significantly aid any bearded dragon owner in accurately determining their pet’s sex, allowing them to provide the most suitable care.

Behavior Variance in Male and Female Bearded Dragons

Analyzing the behavior of bearded dragons can provide insightful glimpses into their world, helping an owner interpret if they have a male or female companion. Different aspects of their behavior, including dominant versus submissive behaviors and level of aggressiveness, are unique to each of the sexes.

  • Dominant or Submissive Behaviours: Males are generally more dominant, showing a head-bobbing display to assert dominance or attract a female. Females, on the other hand, will do an arm wave as a sign of submission and acknowledgment to the males.
  • Aggressiveness: Male bearded dragons are generally more aggressive and territorial, especially during the breeding season. It’s not unusual to see males puffing up their beards, hissing, or even biting. Females tend to be less aggressive and more docile, making them more suitable for novice owners or families with children.
  • Special care needs: Depending on the sex, there are additional special care needs to consider. For example, female bearded dragons can lay eggs, even without a male present. This can deplete their calcium levels, meaning they’ll require additional supplements.

Understanding these behavioral nuances in your bearded dragon can not only help determine their sex but also enable you to cater to their specific needs, ensuring a healthy and mutually enjoyable companionship.


Whether you’re a novice owner or a seasoned handler, being knowledgeable about your pet allows you to ensure they live a comfortable and healthy life. Keep these points in mind, and you’ll master the art of understanding your bearded dragon, creating a bond that’s rooted in a deeper understanding of their needs and behaviors.