What Tigers Are Extinct?

Tigers are an endangered species, and three subspecies have already gone extinct. These extinct subspecies are the Bali, Javan, and Caspian tigers. The disappearance of these three tiger species occurred due to loss of habitat, poaching, and various human activities.

The Disappearance of Three Tiger Species

The extinction of the Javan, Bali, and Caspian tigers can largely be attributed to habitat loss, human activities, and poaching. Each of these tiger subspecies used to inhabit different regions before their unfortunate demise.

  • Javan Tiger  (Panthera tigris sondaica): This subspecies was native to the Indonesian island of Java. They disappeared due to deforestation, agricultural expansion, and poaching for their pelts and body parts, which were believed to have medicinal properties.
  • Balinese Tiger (Panthera tigris balica): Found on the Indonesian island of Bali, this subspecies faced a similar fate as the Javan tiger. They went extinct as a result of habitat loss, human encroachment, and hunting for their valuable skins.
  • Caspian Tiger (Panthera tigris virgata): Inhabiting the region around the Caspian Sea, this tiger subspecies vanished in the 1970s. Factors leading to their extinction included widespread hunting, conversion of their habitats for agricultural purposes, and depletion of their prey species due to human activities.

The disappearance of these majestic creatures underlines the devastating impact humans can have on wildlife and their ecosystems. While their extinction cannot be reversed, it does serve as a poignant lesson for the ongoing efforts to protect the remaining tiger species.

The Current State of Tigers and Their Conservation

The remaining six tiger subspecies – Bengal, Siberian, Sumatran, Indochinese, Malayan, and South China tigers – are all endangered, with conservation efforts being made to protect them. 

Conservation efforts for these endangered tigers include anti-poaching measures, habitat preservation, and the establishment of wildlife corridors. By working together, governments, NGOs, and conservation organizations strive to protect these awe-inspiring creatures and ensure their survival for generations to come.

How to Help Tigers and Promote Conservation Efforts

Various organizations, like the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), work tirelessly to conserve tiger populations and their habitats. They aim to promote and implement strategies to protect these majestic creatures from further decline. The public can support and promote conservation efforts in several ways:

  • Donate to reputable conservation organizations: Financial contributions can greatly aid organizations like WWF, which use the funds to support on-the-ground conservation projects, anti-poaching measures, and habitat protection efforts.
  • Raise awareness: Share information and news about tigers, their endangered status, and conservation needs with friends, family, and social media followers. Increased awareness can encourage others to support the cause.
  • Choose sustainable products: Opt for eco-friendly and sustainable products to help reduce the impact on tiger habitats. Support companies with environmentally responsible practices and avoid contributing to deforestation and habitat loss.
  • Avoid tiger products: Refrain from purchasing products made from tiger parts or derivatives. Some communities still believe in the supposed health benefits of parts harvested from tigers, but these products contribute to illegal animal trade.


The loss of Bali, Javan, and Caspian tigers reminds us how habitat loss, poaching, and human activities endanger these amazing animals. While some tiger subspecies still exist, they are at risk of extinction. But we have the power to change that. Let’s work together to ensure the tiger’s roar continues to resonate in our forests, a symbol of our dedication to safeguarding Earth’s extraordinary wildlife.

Bali Tiger Featured Image (Middle) by: Hary Atwell, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons