Do Geese Have Teeth on Their Tongues?

Geese don’t have any teeth. But they have a teeth-like spiny structure on their bills and tongues known as tomia. These sharp ridges help them to grasp, tear, and shred food. They cannot be called teeth since they do not consist of roots, enamels, and dentin.

Although geese don’t have traditional teeth, their tomia almost function like teeth, helping them to tear and break apart tough food items such as seeds, grasses, and grains. Unlike the teeth in other animals, the tomia is not a separate part. It’s a part of the tongue and beak.

Geese usually don’t chew food because of the lack of teeth. Instead, they use their tomia and beaks to break them down into smaller pieces before swallowing them whole.

How Do Geese Use the Tomia?

Geese are aquatic vegetarian birds, so they feed mainly on grass, weeds, small aquatic plants, and other vegetation. They also occasionally eat small fish and insects.

The tomia helps them to grasp, shred, and tear apart tough foods. The sharp ridges lining act like a kind of saw, allowing them to cut through different items. The tomia also assists them to keep the food in place while they swallow it whole. This is especially helpful when they are eating tiny fish or insects.

Geese are known to be quite aggressive and territorial. The tomia can play an essential role in defending their territory. If threatened, they don’t think twice about using their tomia to fight and intimidate other animals and even humans. The sharp ridges help them bite and cause some severe damage to the opponent.


Geese are amazing creatures that have developed a number of adaptations to survive in their environment. Despite the lack of teeth, they can feed on tough food items using the tomia found on their bills and tongues. The sharp ridges on the tomia help them to grasp, tear, and shred food as well as defend themselves.

Overall, the tomia is a useful adaptation that allows geese to survive in their environment despite not having traditional teeth. It just goes to show that sometimes, nature finds ways to make up for what is missing!