10 Animals in the Australian Outback (With Pictures)

The Australian Outback boasts iconic animals, including kangaroos, koalas, and the unique thorny devil and feral camel. These creatures contribute to the region’s rich biodiversity and make it a popular tourist destination.

The Australian Outback accommodates a wide variety of animals, including many that are found nowhere else in the world. Here are 10 amazing animals that you might spot while spending time in the Australian Outback.

1. Cockatoos

Cockatoos are famous Australian parrots known for their colorful feathers and loud calls. They have a noticeable crest they move based on their feelings and can copy human speech.

In the Australian Outback, common types include Major Mitchell’s and Red-tailed black cockatoos. They eat seeds, fruits, and nuts and live in places like forests and rainforests.

2. Kangaroos

Kangaroos are famous in Australia and are mostly found in the Outback. They’re known for their ability to hop and can handle harsh conditions, like hot temperatures up to 45°C and long times without water.

There are different kinds, including the red, western gray, and eastern gray kangaroos. They might seem calm, but their strong kicks mean it’s a good idea to keep some distance.

3. Saltwater Crocodiles

The saltwater crocodile is one of the Outback’s most intimidating animals. These huge reptiles, the world’s largest, can reach 7 meters and weigh over a ton.

They are top predators, eating fish, birds, and even sometimes humans. They live in places like rivers and lagoons, and even though they’re called “saltwater” crocodiles, they can also live in freshwater.

4. Koalas

Koalas are cute marsupials from Australia, not bears like some think. They live in eucalyptus forests, mainly in southeastern and eastern Australia, and eat eucalyptus leaves. They love climbing and can even sleep upside-down in trees.

They’re night animals, sleeping a lot during the day. While eucalyptus leaves are poisonous to many animals, they’re safe for koalas, who are friendly and don’t harm humans.

5. Sand Goanna

The Australian Outback has a lot of lizards, and the sand goanna is one of the most unique. Also called the sand monitor or Gould’s monitor, it’s one of Australia’s biggest lizards, growing up to 2 meters.

They eat small animals and reptiles, live mostly on the ground, and are good at swimming and climbing. You can find them in burrows, on rocks, or sometimes in trees.

6. Dingo Dogs

Dingoes are wild dogs from the Australian Outback. They came from Asia about 4,000 years ago. They weigh 12-24 kilograms and stand about 52-60 centimeters tall, with soft fur that can be yellow, tan, or black and a bushy tail.

They’re smart and often live in small groups. While they mostly move around at night, they can be seen during the day too. They eat small animals, birds, and sometimes dead meat.

7. Wombat

Wombats are unique animals only found in Australia, closely related to koalas. There are three kinds: common, southern hairy-nosed, and northern hairy-nosed, with the common wombat being the biggest at up to 35 kg.

They’re among the largest animals that dig burrows, which they use to hide from the sun and danger. Wombats are night creatures that sleep during the day and eat grasses, roots, and bark.

8. Australian Feral Camels

Feral camels in Australia, once introduced from India and Afghanistan for transportation, now roam freely since the advent of motor vehicles. They’ve flourished, with over a million scattered mostly in Central Australia and the Victoria River District.

Adapting impressively to the arid Outback, they can endure long durations without water and often group together, forming massive herds.

9. Thorny Devil

The Thorny Devil is a small Australian lizard covered in spikes. While it looks intimidating, it’s harmless and moves slowly, reaching only about 20 cm in length.

These spikes help protect it and gather moisture. It mainly eats ants using its sticky tongue. If needed, it buries itself in the sand to get water through its spikes.

10. Frilled-Necked Lizard

The Frilled-Necked Lizard, native to the Australian Outback, is renowned for its striking neck frill. This tree-dwelling lizard uses its colorful, spiky frill as a defense mechanism, expanding it when threatened to appear larger.

Besides being skilled climbers, they are adept swimmers and can frequently be found around water sources. Their diet primarily includes insects, such as beetles, ants, and cicadas, but they also feed on small mammals like rats. Their ability to climb even upside-down and their unique appearance make them one of the fascinating species in the Outback ecosystem.


These are just some of the many interesting and unique animals that call the Australian Outback home. With such a diverse range of wildlife, it’s no wonder that the Outback is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Australia. If you’re ever in the area, make sure to keep your eyes peeled for these amazing creatures!